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Pleurotoma lanceolata Hupé 1854 from: Griffin, M..Nielsen, S.N.. (2008): A revision of the type specimens of Tertiary molluscs from Chile and Argentina described by d’Orbigny (1842), Sowerby (1846), and Hupé (1854) . Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
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Species Pleurotoma lanceolata Hupé 1854

Discussion / Comments:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
TYPE MATERIAL. After a thorough search, the type material has not been located in the collection of Gay/Hupé in Paris. A single Pleurotoma appears in the catalogue for the collection (8P-195) but only the accompanying sediment sample (8P-194), a tuff from Topocalma, is present. The specimen reported by Philippi (1887) from Curauma could not be located in the SGO.PI. There appears to have been some confusion regarding the type locality for this species. While Hupé stated Coquimbo as locality for his specimen, according to Catalogue 8P-195 the specimen (now considered lost) comes from Navidad, which is consistent with the content of sample 8P-195 – a “tuff” from Navidad. Futhermore, no similar species occurs in Coquimbo (Philippi 1887, p. 38; own observations) but there is a species in the Navidad Formation at Navidad that agrees perfectly well with the original description and illustration. In order to objectively clarify the taxonomic status of this species as well as the exact location of the type locality, we designate as neotype specimen SGO.PI.6280 from the reddish sandstones at Punta Perro. This is a specimen 27.5 mm high that in all characters agrees with the original description and illustration of Hupé. REMARKS. Describing species is not the aim of this paper, so this species will be redefined elsewhere based on the neotype designated here and more than 100 additional specimens from the Navidad Formation. Inquisitor lanceolatus is quite different from the only other species from the Chilean Tertiary referable to Inquisitor, i.e., Fusus ischnos Philippi, 1887 so confusion is unlikely. Pleurotoma lanceolata Hupé, 1854 is a junior primary homonym of Pleurotoma lanceolata Reeve, 1845 (in 1843-1846) and Pleurotoma lanceolata Michelotti, 1846. The proposed replacement name Inquisitor lingulacaninus is composed of Lingula caninus (latin) = headland of the dog, the literal translation of Punta Perro, where this species was found by us and which is the refined type locality.
Synonym list:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
1854 Pleurotoma lanceolata Hupé. - Hupé : p.177 pl. 3; fig. 7 (junior primary homonym of P. lanceolata Reeve, 1845 and P. lanceolata Michelotti, 1846)
? 1887 Pleurotoma lanceolata Hupé. - Philippi : p.35 pl. 1; fig. 11
2008 Inquisitor nom. nov lingulacaninus . - Griffin & Nielsen : pl. 21; fig. 7-8
Was used in synonym list of:

Hupé,H.. (1854):
Malacología y conquiliología..
In: Historia física y política de Chile Vol. 8 Eds: Gay, C.. p. 449

Philippi,R.A.. (1887):
Die tertiären und quartären Versteinerungen Chiles.. p. 266

Griffin,M.. and Nielsen,S.N.. (2008):
A revision of the type specimens of Tertiary molluscs from Chile and Argentina described by d’Orbigny (1842), Sowerby (1846), and Hupé (1854) . Journal of Systematic Palaeontology

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