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Nucula elegans Hupé 1854 from: Griffin, M..Nielsen, S.N.. (2008): A revision of the type specimens of Tertiary molluscs from Chile and Argentina described by d’Orbigny (1842), Sowerby (1846), and Hupé (1854) . Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
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Species Nucula elegans Hupé 1854

Discussion / Comments:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
TYPE MATERIAL. Several syntypes of Nucula elegans Hupé, 1854, in the Typothèque of the Laboratoire de Géologie under number MNHN-Gg2002/56 REMARKS. The name used by Hupé (1854) is commonly accepted as a synonym of Nucula sulculata. However, Villarroel & Stuardo (1998) separated fossil and extant species by small differences in shell shape and ornamentation, while Nielsen & Valdovinos (submitted) could not confirm these differences based on the the same material. According to Philippi (1887) this species was also found at Coquimbo and at Tubul by Volckmann. As correctly pointed out by Frassinetti & Covacevich (1995, p. 51), the species is known as a fossil only from Tubul and Isla Guamblín, and Hupé’s mention of Coquimbo is, as discussed above, erroneous. Localities and ages cited by Villarroel & Stuardo (1998) apparently were taken uncritically from the literature because there is no Eocene exposed near Coquimbo, nor is there Palaeocene near Navidad. This species is not known from the Miocene deposits of Navidad, Arauco or Chiloé (own data).
Synonym list:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
1852 Nucula sulculata Gould. - Gould : p.434 pl. 37; fig. 539a-539e
1854 Nucula elegans Hupé. - Hupé : p.305 pl. 5; fig. 7
1856 Leda lugubris Adams. - Adams : p.49
1887 Nucula elegans Hupé. - Philippi : p.189 pl. 31; fig. 6
1889 Leda orangica Mabille & Rochebrune. - Mabille & Rochebrune : p.113 pl. 8; fig. 3
1942 Leda elegans Hupé. - Tavera : p.614
1960 Tindaria (Tindariopsis) sulculata Gould. - Powell : p.171
1964 Tindariopsis? sulculata Gould. - Dell : p.149
1971 Nuculana sulculata Gould. - Dell : p.167 pl. 1, fig. 1-4; pl. 2, fig. 9
1983 Tindaria sulcata Bernard. - Bernard : p.11 (synonymy)
1995 Nucula elegans Hupé. - Frassinetti & Covacevich : p.51 text-fig. 3a; pl. 1, fig. 1-5
1997 Nucula elegans Hupé. - Frassinetti : p.60 pl. 1; fig. 5-7
1998 Tindariopsis elegans Hupé. - Villarroel & Stuardo : 168, 148-156 fig. 2
1998 Tindariopsis sulculata Gould. - Villarroel & Stuardo : p.144 fig. 1c; p.: 39-40, 80-82, 157-159
2008 Tindaria sulculata Gould. - Griffin & Nielsen : pl. 5; fig. 3-5

Gould,A.A.. (1852):
Mollusca and Shells.
In: United States Exploring Expedition during the Years 1838–1842 Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U. S. N. Vol. 12 Eds: GouldLincoln p. XV + 510 pp, 52

Hupé,H.. (1854):
Malacología y conquiliología..
In: Historia física y política de Chile Vol. 8 Eds: Gay, C.. p. 449

Adams,A.. (1856):
Descriptions of thirty-four new species of bivalve molluscs (Leda, Nucula and Pythina) from the Cumingian collection . Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1856 p. 47-53

Philippi,R.A.. (1887):
Die tertiären und quartären Versteinerungen Chiles.. p. 266

Mabille,J.. and Rochebrune,A.T.. (1889):
Mollusques . Mission Scientifique du Cap Horn, 1882-1883. Paris, 6 (Zool.) Vol. 2 p. 3-143

Tavera,J.. (1942):
Contribución al estudio de la estratigrafía y paleontología del Terciario de Arauco . Anales del Primer Congreso Panamericano de Ingeniería de Minas y Geología 2 p. 580-632

Powell,A.W.B.. (1960):
and subantarctic Mollusca: Pelecypoda and Gastropoda . Discovery Reports Vol. 26 p. 128

Dell,R.K.. (1964):
Antarctic and Subantarctic Mollusca: Amphineura, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia . Discovery Reports Vol. 33 p. 93-250

Dell,R.K.. (1971):
The marine Mollusca of the Royal Society expedition to southern Chile, 1958-59 . Records of the Dominion Museum Vol. 7 p. 155-233

Bernard,F.R.. (1983):
Catalogue of the living Bivalvia of the eastern Pacific Ocean: Bering Strait to Cape Horn . Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol. 61 p. 1-102

Frassinetti,D.. and Covacevich,V.. (1995):
Moluscos del Plioceno Superior marino de Isla Guamblín, Archipiélago de los Chonos, sur de Chile . Revista Geológica de Chile Vol. 22 p. 47-73

Frassinetti,D.. (1997):
Moluscos del Plioceno Superior marino de Isla Guafo, Sur de Chile. Parte I. Bivalvia . Boletín del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile Vol. 46 p. 55-79

Villarroel,M.. and Stuardo,J.. (1998):
Protobranchia (Mollusca: Bivalvia) chilenos recientes y algunos fósiles . Malacologia Vol. 40 p. 113-229

Griffin,M.. and Nielsen,S.N.. (2008):
A revision of the type specimens of Tertiary molluscs from Chile and Argentina described by d’Orbigny (1842), Sowerby (1846), and Hupé (1854) . Journal of Systematic Palaeontology

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