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Cytherea sulculosa Sowerby 1846 from: Griffin, M..Nielsen, S.N.. (2008): A revision of the type specimens of Tertiary molluscs from Chile and Argentina described by d’Orbigny (1842), Sowerby (1846), and Hupé (1854) . Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
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Species Cytherea sulculosa Sowerby 1846



Discussion / Comments:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
TYPE MATERIAL. Holotype: NHM-L27964 (Chiloé). REMARKS. Sowerby noted also “islands of Huafo and Ypun?” (note that the names Huafo and Ypun are spelled Guafo and Ipún now). Most sediments of Chiloé and Ipún are of Miocene to early Pliocene age (Finger et al. 2007, Frassinetti 2004) while on Guafo only Pliocene deposits are known (Frassinetti 1997, 2000). This is a coarsely costate venerid, but the hinge and part of the margin are embedded in hard matrix. It possibly belongs in Tawera Marwick, 1927 [type species Venus spissa Deshayes, 1835] and probably is a senior synonym of Venus gayi Hupé. However, the correct generic placement remains uncertain and needs confirmation.
Synonym list:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
1846 Cytherea sulculosa Sowerby. - Sowerby : p.250 pl. 2; fig. 14
1852 Venus sulculosa d'Orbigny. - d'Orbigny : p.109
? 1854 Venus gayi Hupé. - Hupé : p.337 pl. 6; fig. 5
1887 Venus? (Cytherea) sulculosa Sowerby. - Philippi : p.122 pl. 14; fig. 3 (from Sowerby)
? 1969 Clausinella gayi Hupé. - Herm : p.126 pl. 12; fig. 7-8
2008 Tawera? sulculosa Sowerby. - Griffin & Nielsen : pl. 16; fig. 4
References:

Sowerby,G.B.. (1846):
Descriptions of Tertiary fossil shells from South America..
In: Geological observations on South America. Eds: Darwin, C.. p. 249-264

d'Orbigny,A. (1852):
Prodrome de Paléontologie. Stratigraphique universelle des animaux mollusques & rayonnés faisant suitre au cours élémentaire de paléontologie et de géologie stratigraphique. Vol. 3 p. 189

Hupé,H.. (1854):
Malacología y conquiliología..
In: Historia física y política de Chile Vol. 8 Eds: Gay, C.. p. 449

Philippi,R.A.. (1887):
Die tertiären und quartären Versteinerungen Chiles.. p. 266

Herm,D. (1969):
Marines Pliozän und Pleistozän in Nord- und Mittel-Chile unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Entwicklung der Mollusken-Faunen . Zitteliana Vol. 2 p. 159

Griffin,M.. and Nielsen,S.N.. (2008):
A revision of the type specimens of Tertiary molluscs from Chile and Argentina described by d’Orbigny (1842), Sowerby (1846), and Hupé (1854) . Journal of Systematic Palaeontology

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