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Species Ostrea maxima Hupé 1854

Alternative name:
Ostrea (Crassostrea) maxima Hupé 1854
Discussion / Comments:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
TYPE MATERIAL. Five syntypes are housed in the Typothèque of the Laboratoire de Géologie (Catalogue 8P) under numbers MNHN-Gg2002/88 (four syntypes) and MNHN-Gg2002/89 (one syntype, 259 mm). REMARKS. All five syntypes of Ostrea maxima are large adults of this species and in various states of preservation. The illustration of Hupé (1854, pl. 4, fig. 1) is a composite of at least two of the specimens. Ostrea transitoria Hupé, 1854 (p. 283, pl. 4, fig. 3) and Ostrea rostrata Hupé, 1845 (p. 283) are based on juvenile specimens of Crassostrea maxima, a fact that becomes evident after examining a large suite of specimens from the type locality near Coquimbo. Since the name Ostrea maxima is a junior primary homonym of O. maxima Linnaeus, 1758 (type species of Pecten Müller, 1776) and O. transitoria is the first available synonym, this latter name must be used for this species. As first revisers, we select the name Crassostrea transitoria as the one to be used for the species named O. maxima, O. transitoria and O. rostrata by Hupé (1854).
Synonym list:
Griffin & Nielsen (2008):
1854 Ostrea maxima Hupé. - Hupé : 382-383 pl. 4; fig. 1 (junior primary homonym of O. maxima Linnaeus, 1758)
1854 Ostrea transitoria Hupé. - Hupé : p.283 pl. 4; fig. 3
1854 Ostrea rostrata Hupé. - Hupé : p.283
1896 Ostrea transitoria Hupé. - Möricke : p.576
1896 Ostrea n sp. beneckei . - Möricke : p.574 pl. 13; fig. 1
1969 Ostrea (Crassostrea) maxima Hupé. - Herm : 113-114 pl. 6; fig. 1-2
1969 Ostrea (Ostrea) transitoria Hupé. - Herm : p.113 pl. 7; fig. 5-6
1969 Ostrea (Ostrea) longiuscula Hupé. - Herm : 112-113 pl. 7; fig. 2-4
2008 Crassostrea transitoria Hupé. - Griffin & Nielsen : pl. 8, fig. 1-3; pl. 9, fig. 1-3

Hupé,H.. (1854):
Malacología y conquiliología..
In: Historia física y política de Chile Vol. 8 Eds: Gay, C.. p. 449

Möricke,W.. (1896):
Versteinerungen der Tertiärformationen von Chile . N. Jb. Min. Geol. Paläont. Beilage Vol. 10 p. 548-612

Herm,D. (1969):
Marines Pliozän und Pleistozän in Nord- und Mittel-Chile unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Entwicklung der Mollusken-Faunen . Zitteliana Vol. 2 p. 159

Griffin,M.. and Nielsen,S.N.. (2008):
A revision of the type specimens of Tertiary molluscs from Chile and Argentina described by d’Orbigny (1842), Sowerby (1846), and Hupé (1854) . Journal of Systematic Palaeontology

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